The cervical spine consists of seven vertebrae. Most of the movements and the greatest ability to move between the "Atlas" and the "operator", the first and second cervical vertebrae. Between all the vertebral bodies is an intervertebral disc. These drives increase the elasticity and movement possibilities of the spine.
The neck is a vulnerable part of the body. The neck is continuously used by the head rotates and moves regularly. Also run all kinds of nerves and other structures throughout.
The spinal cord in the spinal canal, running and leaving between each two vertebrae left and right two nerve roots, the spinal canal. The most common neck hernia are located between the 6th and the 7th vertebra, but they can also occur on other levels.
Problems, diseases and disorders
Everyone knows the problem of a "stiff neck". This may be caused by muscle spasm or because ligaments are strained example by a clumsy or sudden movement. This sometimes happens during sleep. When the neck muscles tense, the stiff neck can be: when moving the neck feels stiff and painful. It is not serious, but a stiff neck can also be a symptom of meningitis. If a stiff neck accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting and abnormal sleepiness, consult a doctor. Those are symptoms of meningitis. Middle-aged people may suffer from "wear and tear" (also osteoarthritis, chronic arthritis or degenerative arthritis called) of the cervical vertebrae. It wears down the cartilage of the neck, and furthermore inflammatory changes in the soft tissue around the joints. Some people have a cervical rib which can sometimes provide. Complaints A cervical rib is an abnormal floating rib or pair of ribs on the lower cervical vertebra, which can print on nerves and arteries. Whiplash (whiplash) is common in car accidents. This bends the neck suddenly very strong in one direction, followed by a reflex contraction of muscle of the neck that is moving in the opposite direction. The ligaments between the vertebrae stretch this too far sometimes causing pain and other problems can arise. In a twisted neck '(torticollis) someone has a tilt of the head. Causes are muscle damage sustained at birth, whiplash, a different eye separation which improves nekdraaiing, or shortening of the neck skin scarring. Nekklacht and